periodontitis disease-causes, symptoms &treatment

Periodontitis Disease – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

The dangerous gum infection known as periodontitis disease usually known as “gum disease,” damages the soft tissue and, if untreated, can damage the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss or loose teeth. Although widespread, periodontitis is usually avoidable. Usually, poor dental hygiene is to blame. Your chances of successfully treating periodontitis and lowering your risk of developing it can both be considerably increased by brushing and flossing at least twice a day, twice a day at night, and by scheduling routine dental check-ups. When periodontal disease is in advanced stages, it can result in painful, bleeding gums, uncomfortable chewing problems, and even tooth loss.

Causes of Periodontitis Disease

People usually have lots of bacteria in their mouths. These bacteria continuously generate a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth together with mucus and other particles. Brushing and flossing are helpful in removing plaque. While brushing cannot remove the plaque which has the potential to solidify into tartar. Tartar can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist during a professional cleaning. Smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for gum disease out of all the others factors. Smoking can also decrease the success rate of gum disease treatments. Other risk factors include genetic susceptibility, certain diseases, such as AIDS, and their medications, hormonal changes in girls and women, diabetes, medications that reduce saliva flow, and diabetes.

Symptoms of Periodontitis Disease

The following the some of the most common symptoms of this disease

  1. Breath that is continually bad
  2. Gums with redness or swelling
  3. Bleeding or painful gums
  4. Painful chewing
  5. Tooth decay
  6. Sensitive teeth
  7. Gum recession or teeth that appear to be longer


A dentist or dental hygienist will:

  1. Inspect your gums and look for any signs of infection or inflammation.
  2. To find and measure any pockets between the teeth, use a small measuring tool called a “probe.” These pockets normally have a depth of 1 to 3 millimeters in a healthy mouth.
  3. To discover any illnesses or risk factors (such as smoking or diabetes) that may contribute to gum disease, ask about your medical history.
  4. In order to determine whether there has been any bone loss, the dentist may also: Take an x-ray.
  5. You can refer to a dental professional and experts in the diagnosis and care of gum disease, Periodontists may be able to offer you treatment options that your dentist does not.


Controlling the infection is one of the major goals of treatment. Depending on the severity of the gum disease, several treatment options are available. Any form of treatment necessitates that the patient maintains a high standard of daily oral health care at home. The dentist could also suggest changing certain behaviors, like quitting smoking, to improve the results of your treatment.

Additional Tips

You can maintain the health of your teeth and gums by following these helpful tips:

Making use of fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth twice a day.

Regularly flossing to get rid of plaque in between teeth. A dental expert may also advise using a “water flosser,” a specific brush, a wooden or plastic pick, or another gadget.

Consistently going to the dentist for a check-up and cleaning.

Giving up smoking.


The greatest way to avoid developing periodontitis is to practice good oral hygiene on a regular basis throughout your life right from young age. Sky Dental Care being the best dental clinic in Vijayawada takes care of all dental issues, whether it be a basic toothache or surgery.

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