Dental or Oral health is essential for our overall health and well-being. The main reason for common dental problems is bacteria in mouth. Some of these bacteria are good for dental health, while others are very harmful. Poor Oral hygiene can lead to Dental problems like Dental cavities, Gum diseases, Tooth decay etc.
Here we share some of the most common dental problems along with possible causes, treatments and prevention tips
Gum diseases are also known as periodontal disease. If you are under control of this disease, you must take care of your gums. The first stage of gum/periodontal disease is gingivitis. This common dental problem is usually the result of neglecting to floss your tooth regularly.
Symptoms of Periodontal disease:
- Gums that bleed after brushing, flossing or eating crunchy foods.
- Tender, Painful, Swollen gums.
- Enlarging space between the teeth.
- Frequent mouth sores.
This periodontal disease can be treated through over the course of few dental appointments. Deep teeth cleanings will remove the plaque buildup in and around your gums.
Tooth decay is one of the most common dental diseases which affect millions of people worldwide. The development of cavities is the result of tooth decay. Which is caused by failure to brush your teeth after consuming sizeable quantities of sugars, acidic foods and beverages. Therefore, these substances perforate enamel, which later allows the proliferation of cavity causing bacteria.
Symptoms of Tooth decay:
- Sharp, localized pain around the affected tooth, even if you are not chewing.
- Grey or brown colored spots appearing on the surface of teeth.
- Difficulty chewing food due to sensitivity.
- Swollen gums surrounding decaying teeth.
Scraping or drilling can treat the cavities away the bacteria from the surface of the teeth. It is later filled by composite or amalgam material to match the appearance of natural tooth. Hence, If cavities are advanced beyond the surface then it will require a root canal procedure, if it is not cured through it then the treatment is tooth extraction.
Oral Cancer is dreadful disease, it can target multiple regions of the mouth. The main cause of this disease is due to excess consumption of tobacco or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
Symptoms of Oral Cancer:
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- Red or white ulcers that won’t disappear.
- Bleeding in affected areas.
Your regular check up should include oral cancer screening, which involves probing every region of the mouth to detect early stages of the disease. If you’ve been diagnosed with oral cancer there are treatments like Chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
The other name for Halitosis is “Bad Breath”. It is a chronic disease which causes due to smoking or poor oral hygiene and respiratory infections. It can also be a side effect of Periodontal or Gum diseases.
Symptoms of Halitosis
- Foul smelling breath.
- Dry or cracked teeth.
- Constant bitter or metallic taste.
The treatment of Halitosis is by adopting a strict oral hygiene and visiting your dentist on a regular basis. Flossing or brushing with antiseptic mouth wash helps to get rid of bacteria after eating or before bedtime.
Diabetes is not a most common dental disease. Many studies state that there is a close relation between diabetes and oral health problems. Advanced gum diseases leads to issues with blood sugar control.
Mostly, Common dental problems can cure by maintaining Oral hygiene. Here are some tips to maintain Oral hygiene.
- Brushing your tooth with fluoride paste at least twice a day.
- Flossing your tooth at least once a day.
- Decreasing intake of sugar.
- Eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables.
- Drinking fluoridated Water.
- Avoiding tobacco products.
- Seeking Professional dental care.
Sky Dental hospital in Vijayawada provides high-quality dentistry & also artistic skills that can improve a person’s health, smile, and confidence. Sky Dental Provides services like Gum Treatment, Implants, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Full mouth Rehabilitation and much more. Apart from this, there is a separate ward for any dental problems related to Children.