Trigeminal neuralgia is also known as tic douloureux. It is a condition of acute pain in the face which due to the malfunctioning of the trigeminal nerve. The loss of myelin sheath covering around the Trigeminal nerve results in this condition. There are two distinct types of this: typical and atypical trigeminal neuralgia.
Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia
The symptoms of this include immense pain and may feel like an electric shock, even mild stimulation of your face. For example, from brushing your teeth may trigger chronic pain frequent attacks of pain which is triggered by speaking, brushing, etc. The attacks of pain may last from few days to weeks. This intense electric shock-like pain mostly affects the lower part of the face and jaw.
It can also be result due to sclerosis or similar disorders that damage the myelin sheath around the nerves. Hence, this can also be the result of a tumor compressing the Trigeminal nerve. It most commonly affects women than men and persons above the age of 50. Initially, it results in mild attacks but if left untreated it can worsen the condition.
The pain experienced with every attack of trigeminal neuralgia can be very painful for the vast majority. It hinders the activities of day-to-day living and individuals frequently fall into depression fearing the next encounter of the attack as it is very painful. Basic everyday exercises like washing your face, brushing your teeth, brushing your hair, biting, and so on can trigger an attack.
If you are experiencing facial pain frequently or the ones reoccurring after a certain interval of time it is advisable to visit a doctor. The specialist will prescribe the drug for trigeminal neuralgia, which will limit or block the pain signals which the brain receives. Medicine is quite effective in treating this. A healthy diet and some home remedies can also be effective to treat Trigeminal neuralgia to some extent.
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